Peculiarities of clinical signs, course and treatment of musculoskeletal system lesions in post-COVID syndrome.
Post-COVID syndrome (PCS) is a frequent phenomenon of patients who have suffered from an acute attack of COVID-19 infection, and it is characterized by a wide range of symptoms from different organs and systems including the musculoskeletal system (MSS). However, peculiarities of MSS lesions have not been sufficiently studied to date, in particular, in the aspect of the therapeutic process. We aimed to investigate peculiarities of MSS lesions in patients with PCS. Observations were carried out in 142 patients with PCS and MSS lesions. The age of patients was 36-67 years. Up-to-date methods of disease verification were used. An acute period of COVID-19 in all the patients was of moderate severity without oxygen support. Musculoskeletal system lesions in patients with PCS were found to appear 1-4 weeks after the experienced acute period of COVID-19 infection. Against the background of significant arthralgia (100%) in 93 (65.5%) patients manifestations of acute arthritis were detected, the frequency of which increased with age. Musculoskeletal system lesions were found against the background of dominating PCS manifestations from the cardiovascular and digestive systems. Deterioration of the course and results of treatment of diseases caused by an age-related polymorbid background was determined. Certain difficulties in the treatment of MSS lesions by means of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and limitation in the use of glucocorticosteroids are caused by severe gastroduodenopathy and arterial hypertension. Long-term, up to 6 months, administration of L-arginine, L-carnitine and quercetin in the rehabilitation complex improved the overall results of treatment of PCS manifestations including arthropathy. Musculoskeletal system lesions in patients with PCS are not the main constituent of this syndrome. Difficulties in the treatment of arthropathy are due to the signs of gastroduodenopathy and arterial hypertension. Additional administration of L-arginine, L-carnitine and quercetin is reasonable.