AMEERA-4: a randomized, preoperative window-of-opportunity study of amcenestrant versus letrozole in early breast cancer.
Window-of-opportunity (WOO) studies provide insights into the clinical activity of new drugs in breast cancer. AMEERA-4 (NCT04191382) was a WOO study undertaken to compare the pharmacodynamic effects of amcenestrant, a selective estrogen receptor degrader, with those of letrozole in postmenopausal women with newly diagnosed, operable estrogen receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (ER+/HER2-) breast cancer. Women were randomized (1: 1: 1) to receive amcenestrant 400 mg, amcenestrant 200 mg, or letrozole 2.5 mg once daily for 14 days before breast surgery. The primary endpoint was change in Ki67 between baseline and Day 15 (i.e., day of surgery). Enrollment was stopped early because of slow recruitment, in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The modified intent-to-treat population consisted of 95 study participants with baseline and post-treatment Ki67 values, whereas the safety population included 104 participants who had received at least one dose of study medication. Relative change from baseline in Ki67 was - 75.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] - 81.9 to - 67.9) for amcenestrant 400 mg, - 68.2% (- 75.7 to - 58.4) for amcenestrant 200 mg, and - 77.7% (- 83.4 to - 70.0) for letrozole (geometric least-squares mean [LSM] estimates). Absolute change in ER H-score from baseline (LSM estimate) was - 176.7 in the amcenestrant 400 mg arm, - 202.9 in the amcenestrant 200 mg arm, and - 32.5 in the letrozole arm. There were no Grade ≥ 3 treatment-related adverse events. Both amcenestrant and letrozole demonstrated antiproliferative activity in postmenopausal women with previously untreated, operable ER+/HER2- breast cancer and had good overall tolerability. ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04191382 https: //clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04191382 . Registered 9 December 2019.