Characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19 in Chinese immune thrombocytopenia patients: A prospective cohort study.
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has a significant impact on the immune system. This is the first and largest study on pre-existing immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) patients infected with COVID-19 in China. We prospectively collected ITP patients infected with COVID-19 enrolled in the National Longitudinal Cohort of Hematological Diseases (NICHE, NCT04645199) and followed up for at least 1 month after infection. One thousand and one hundred forty-eight pre-existing ITP patients were included. Two hundred and twelve (18.5%) patients showed a decrease in the platelet (PLT) count after infection. Forty-seven (4.1%) patients were diagnosed with pneumonia. Risk factors for a decrease in the PLT count included baseline PLT count <50 × 10 9 /L (OR, 1.76; 95% CI, 1.25-2.46; p = 0.001), maintenance therapy including thrombopoietin receptor agonists (TPO-RAs) (OR, 2.27; 95% CI, 1.60-3.21; p < 0.001) and previous splenectomy (OR, 1.98; 95% CI, 1.09-3.61; p = 0.03). Risk factors for pneumonia included age ≥40 years (OR, 2.45; 95% CI, 1.12-5.33; p = 0.02), ≥2 comorbidities (OR, 3.47; 95% CI, 1.63-7.64; p = 0.001), maintenance therapy including TPO-RAs (OR, 2.14; 95% CI, 1.17-3.91; p = 0.01) and immunosuppressants (OR, 3.05; 95% CI, 1.17-7.91; p = 0.02). In this cohort study, we described the characteristics of pre-existing ITP patients infected with COVID-19 and identified several factors associated with poor outcomes.