FIRECARE: an evidence-based prevention program to reduce burnout among prehospital caregivers: benefits of a combined mindfulness, heart coherence training, and positive psychology intervention.

Burnout among emergency health care professionals is well-described, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Prevention interventions, such as mindfulness focus on management of stress. To evaluate the effects of the FIRECARE program (a mindfulness intervention, supplemented by heart coherence training and positive psychology workshops) on burnout, secondary stress, compassion fatigue, and mindfulness among advanced life supportt ambulance staff of the Paris Fire Brigade. We used a non-randomized, two-group quasi-experimental study design with a waitlist control and before-and-after measurements in each group. The intervention consisted of six, once-weekly, 2.5-hour sessions that included individual daily meditation and cardiac coherence practice. The study compared intervention and waitlist control groups, and investigated baseline, post-program, and 3-month follow-up change on burnout (measuring using the ProQOL-5 scale) and mindfulness (measuring using the FMI scores). Baseline burnout (measured using the ProQOL-5) was evaluated and used in the analysis. Seventy-four 74 participants volunteered to participate; 66 were included in the final analysis. Of these, 60% were classified as suffering from moderate burnout, the 'burnout cluster'. A comparison of intervention and waitlist control groups found a decrease in the burnout score in the burnout cluster ( p = 0.0003; partial eta squared = 0.18). However, while secondary stress fell among the burnout cluster, it was only for participants in the intervention group; scores increased for those in the waitlist group ( p = 0.003; partial eta squared = 0.12). The pre-post-intervention analysis of both groups also showed that burnout fell in the burnout cluster ( p = 0.006; partial eta squared = 0.11). At 3-month follow-up, the burnout score was significantly reduced in the intervention group ( p = 0.02; partial eta squared = 0.07), and both the acceptance ( p = 0.007) and mindfulness scores ( p = 0.05; partial eta squared = 0.05) were increased in the baseline burnout cluster. FIRECARE may be a useful approach to preventing and reducing burnout among prehospital caregivers.
Date: 12 Sep 2023
DOI: 10.1080/10903127.2023.2258204
Journal: Prehospital emergency care
Pubmed ID: 37698362
ML/Curated Information
Viruses: SARS-CoV-2
Article Type(s): Research
Topics: Healthcare Workers, Psychology