Targets of T Cell Responses to SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus in Humans with COVID-19 Disease and Unexposed Individuals.

Abstract
Understanding adaptive immunity to SARS-CoV-2 is important for vaccine development, interpreting coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pathogenesis, and calibration of pandemic control measures. Using HLA class I and II predicted peptide "megapools," circulating SARS-CoV-2-specific CD8 + and CD4 + T cells were identified in ∼70% and 100% of COVID-19 convalescent patients, respectively. CD4 + T cell responses to spike, the main target of most vaccine efforts, were robust and correlated with the magnitude of the anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG and IgA titers. The M, spike, and N proteins each accounted for 11%-27% of the total CD4 + response, with additional responses commonly targeting nsp3, nsp4, ORF3a, and ORF8, among others. For CD8 + T cells, spike and M were recognized, with at least eight SARS-CoV-2 ORFs targeted. Importantly, we detected SARS-CoV-2-reactive CD4 + T cells in ∼40%-60% of unexposed individuals, suggesting cross-reactive T cell recognition between circulating "common cold" coronaviruses and SARS-CoV-2.
Metadata
Date: 31 May 2020
DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2020.05.015
Journal: Cell
Pubmed ID: 32473127
CORD UID: isivkz8b
ML/Curated Information
Viruses: SARS-CoV-2
Topics: Immunology
Article Type: Research