Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Tolerability of Anti-SARS-CoV-2 Monoclonal Antibody, Sotrovimab, Delivered Intravenously or Intramuscularly in Japanese and Caucasian Healthy Volunteers.
Sotrovimab 500 mg administered by a single intravenous (IV) infusion has been granted special approval for emergency use in Japan for treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection in adults and children aged ≥ 12 years weighing ≥ 40 kg. This Phase 1, single-dose study investigated the pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of IV or intramuscular (IM) sotrovimab 500 mg doses versus placebo in healthy Japanese and Caucasian volunteers. This was a two-part, Phase 1, randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blind study. In Part 1, participants received a single sotrovimab 500 mg IV infusion or matching placebo on Day 1. In Part 2, participants received a single sotrovimab 500 mg IM dose or matching placebo on Day 1, administered as two 4 mL injections. There was no effect of ethnicity on the peak or total serum exposure of IV sotrovimab through Week 18; after adjusting for body weight, the point estimate and 90 % confidence interval for the ratio of total exposure between Japanese and Caucasian participants fell within conventional bioavailability bounds (80-125%). Geometric mean C max and AUC last following a single IM administration of sotrovimab were higher in Japanese participants compared with Caucasian participants, even after adjustment for body weight. Overall, a single IV or IM dose of sotrovimab was well tolerated by both Japanese and Caucasian participants. After adjusting for body weight, exposures following a single IV dose of sotrovimab 500 mg were similar between Japanese and Caucasian participants, and higher in Japanese participants following IM administration. Higher exposures were not associated with any safety signals. ClinicalTrials.Gov: NCT04988152.