Application of whole-genome tiling array at Shanghai port, China: An alternative method for SARS-CoV-2 surveillance.

The ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, driven by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), highlights the critical role of genomic surveillance in tracking rapidly spreading viruses and their evolving lineages. The emergence of the SARS-CoV-2 tiling array, a comprehensive tool capable of capturing the entire viral genome, has presented a promising avenue for variants. This study introduces the SARS-CoV-2 tiling array as a novel method for port inspection. Using next-generation sequencing as a benchmark, 35 positive samples underwent sequencing through both methodologies, including the Alpha variant (B.1.1.7), Delta variants (AY.120, AY.122, AY.23.1), and Omicron variants (BA.1, BA.2, BA.2.75, BA.4, BA.5, BE.1, BF.7, BN.1, BQ.1, XBB.1) within the sample set. The whole-genome tiling array demonstrated successful identification of various sublineages of SARS-CoV-2. The average sequencing coverage rates were 99.22% (96.82%-99.92%) for the whole-genome tiling array and 98.56% (92.81%-99.59%) for Illumina sequencing, respectively. The match rates of these two methods ranged from 92.81%-99.59%, with an average rate of 98.56%. Among the benefits of the whole-genome tiling array are its cost-effectiveness and equipment simplification, making it particularly suitable for identifying SARS-CoV-2 variants in the front-line inspection department. The aforementioned findings provide valuable insights into the surveillance of COVID-19 and present a pragmatic solution for improving quarantine measures at entry points.
Date: 15 Nov 2023
DOI: 10.1002/jmv.29222
Journal: Journal of medical virology
Pubmed ID: 37964661
ML/Curated Information
Viruses: SARS-CoV-2
Article Type(s): Research
Topics: Diagnostics, Surveillance